production tasks and provide international financial services. The Triumph of the Corporate Rich. More covert racism, such as that which many scholars posit is practiced in more contemporary societies, is socially hidden and less easily detectable. New York: Rowman Littlefield. However, the variables posited to affect social stratification can be loosely divided into economic and other social factors. Each of these classes can be further subdivided into smaller classes (e.g. They tend to be countries moving towards industrialization and more diversified economies. Sex- and gender-based division of labor is historically found in the annals of most societies and such divisions increased with the advent of industrialization. So-called conflict theories, such as Marxism, point to the inaccessibility of resources and lack of social mobility found in stratified societies.